The Process of Selection in Human Resource Management

What is Process of Selection?

Selection is the process concerned with placing the right man in the right job. It is concerned as the negative process. It eliminates all unsuitable candidates. Selects the most appropriate candidates among the large pool. Created by the recruitment process. Selection is the process of choosing the right candidate. who is suitable for a vacant job position in the organization.

In other words, selection can also be explained as the process of interviewing the candidates and evaluating their qualities. which are required for a specific job and then choosing the suitable candidate for the

Definition Of Selection Process

The selection of the right applicant for a vacant position will be an asset to the organization, which will be helping the organization in reaching its objectives.

Selection is an important process because hiring the best employee can help increase the overall performance of the organization. In contrast, if there is a bad hire with a bad selection process, then the work will be affected and the cost incurred for replacing that bad resource will be high.

The organization has to follow a proper selection process or procedure, as a huge amount of money is spent on hiring the right candidate for a position. If a selection is wrong, then the cost incurred in the induction and training the wrong candidate will be a huge loss to the employer in terms of money, effort, and also time. Hence, a selection is very important and the process should be perfect for the betterment of the organization

The Process of Selection

Every organization designs the selection process as per its planning. The main selection process steps are:

Inviting Applications

this is the first step, in the process of selection. Inviting the application for recruitment by using advertisement. Description of job and job specification are provided in the advertisement. To find the potential candidate which are suitable for the job.

Receiving Of Applications

Once the personal interview is passed by the candidate. He is asked to fill the standard application form. The application form generally consists the information about the qualification, age, experience, etc. of the candidate. On the basis of which the interviewer gets the idea about the candidate. This information also helps in asking questions.

Scrutiny Of Applications

After applications are received. They are then scrutinized by the concerned committee. Only the candidates who qualify the basic qualification of the screening committee are called for the interview. Usually, the candidates selected for an interview are three to five times than the number of posts. Send them the letter or call them for an interview.

Employment Test

After the interview letter send them and before going to the interview. There is one more step and that is the employment tests. In this test, the company checks the ability and skill of the candidate. These tests changes from organization to organization and change as per the need of the particular job.

these tests are aptitude tests, intelligence tests, trade tests, interest test, personality tests, etc. these tests must be designed properly otherwise they will not a good indicator of one knowledge.

Employment Interview

The employment interview is only for those candidates who qualify for the employment interview. in interview company checks the communication skill and other ability, HR manager tell them what they need to perform in the organization, to check the communication skill of the candidate, etc. At the end of an interview of each candidate, the members of the panel discussion about the candidate and give him the grades. There may be a direct interview or indirect interview.

Checking References

Before selecting the employ the prospective employee generally looks out for the referees given by the candidate. To check about the candidate’s reputation, past record, police record, etc.

Physical Examination

The organizations always check the medical fitness of the candidate to know the physical strength of the candidate if the candidate fails in the medical test the job will not give to that candidate. because the company don’t want to waste their money on the unfit person

Final Selection

At last, the candidate selected. He is appointed by issuing an appointment letter. selection of the candidate who pass all the step and then they sent to for the training if they pass in the training only then they get a permanent job in the organization otherwise they will be terminated