Human resources management is a traditional, general perspective on the role of HR in an organization. HR professionals have historically coordinated company recruitment, hiring, training, compensation and assessment functions. The strategic planning role of human resources emerged in the latter 20th to early 21st centuries as companies became more interested in planning for talent needs.
The human resources function is generally responsible for overseeing all facts of a company’s employment system. This begins with the hiring and selection process, carries through motivational programs and training and includes exit interviews or retirement programs when employees leave. Ensuring companies follow all laws related to equal opportunities and fair labor practices and developing HR policies and procedures for employees and managers are key roles in the management function.
Administration and operations used to be the two role areas of HR. The strategic planning component came into play as a result of companies recognizing the need to consider HR needs in goals and strategies. HR directors commonly sit on company executive teams because of the HR planning function. Numbers and types of employees and the evolution of compensation systems are among elements in the planning role.
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